The Civil War

  • More than 250,000 slaves and free blacks fought for the Union during the Civil War. If they applied for a pension, you can find their date of birth, place of birth, marriage records, and the names of their parents and children.
  • The 1910 census asked whether a person was a veteran of the Union Army (UA) Navy (UN), or the Confederate Army (CA) or Navy (CN).
  • Do not assume that all Southerners fought for the south or that all confederate soldiers were white.
  • The federal government did not pay pensions to Confederate veterans or their families, but many southern states did. These records are normally in the state archives.
  • Following the Civil War many Southerners fled to Brazil, which still allowed slavery. The town of Americana (Vila dos Americanos) is know for its Confederate roots. Visit Confederados to learn more.
  • The Library of Congress has papers from the American Colonization Society where thousands of black americans colonized Liberia, Africa.

  • Civil War Battlefield Maps
  • Civil War Soldiers and Sailors Database
    • Contains a list of all known soldiers from Union and Confederate forces.
  • eHistory contains the 128 volume Officials Records ("OR") of the Civil War, complete with an index and atlas.
  • Fold3 contains service reocrds, muster rolls, prison and hospital registers, Confederate amnesty papers, and much more.
  • Civil War Diaries and Letters from the Iowa Digital Library
  • Nationwide Gravesite Locator
  • Southern laims Commission Records contains claims by southerners for livestock and property taken by Union troops during the war.
  • Vermont in the Civil War