Scandinavian Research
Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden

  • My Heritage contains millions of records from Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Finland.

  • Emerged as a unified country in the 10th century. It survived as a monarchy until 1849, when it became a constitutional monarchy.
  • The main body of Denmark is comprised of a large peninsula and 443 islands.
  • Divided into 5 Regions (regioner) and further divided into Municipalities (kummuner).
  • The Copenhagen police recorded everyone emigrating from Denmark from 1868-1940.
    • Information included: name, last residents, age, year of emigration and initial destination abroad.
  • 1835 Denmark Census - Duchies of Schleswig and Holstein
  • Danish Demographic Database
  • Danish Handwriting
  • Danish State Archives
  • Danish Naming Conventions
  • Digital Danish Archives contains the names of emigrants from Denmark between 1868 through 1908.
  • A Danish Word List can be found online at Family Search which contains terms that you will likely encounter in Danish records.
  • From medieval times through 1809 Finland was under Swedish rule.
  • From 1809 to 1917 the territory was an autonomous grand duchy within the Russian Empire.
  • From 1918 to the present the territory is the Republic of Finland.
  • Large number of Finland emigrants to U.S. from 1890-1914.
    • Visit the Institute of Migration for Finish research.
    • Finish ancestors may have migrated through the following ports: Goteborg, Malmo, Stockholm and Trondheim.
  • Most official records before 1863 are in Swedish.
  • Until the late 19th century, surnames changed with each generation.
  • Most important records are those kept by the state Lutheran Church beginning in 1686.
  • Finland began keeping a census, called henkikirjat, in 1634.
  • DIGI: National Library's Digital Collections - newspaper collection
  • Finland Family Historical Association
  • Genealogical Society of Finland
  • $ Institute of Migration contains passenger and passport records.
  • During 1524 to 1814 Norway was part of Denmark.
  • From 1814 to 1905 the territory was the United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway.
  • In 1905 the territory became the Kingdom of Norway - independent constitutional monarchy.
  • Records may be in Danish, Swedish or Latin.
  • Four major waves of emigration from Norway:
    • 1866-1873, 1880-1893, 1900-1914, 1920-1929.
    • Police in major coastal towns kept records of emigrants between 1867-1930.
  • When Norwegians began adopting permanent surnames, many used the name of their town or farm.
  • Norway Digital Archives
    • Church records often reference dates in terms of feast days. NDA has a calendar that can help you translate dates.
  • Norway Heritage contains a wealth of emigration information.
  • Norwegian Portal for Digitized Newspapers
  • Genealogical Society of Norway Note, only part of the website is in English.
  • Sons of Norway
  • From the Medieval Times to the 17th Century Sweden was a unified country.
  • During the 17th Century the country includes Finland and portions of Russia, Poland and Lithuania.
  • During the 18th Century Sweden lost most of its non-Scandinavia territories (including Finland).
  • Names:
    • In Sweden, it is not uncommon to call a person by an affectionate form of the given name. Most names also have variant spellings.
    • Children often took their father's first name, plus a possessive s and -son or -dotter as their last names.
      • For example:
        • 1st gen: Anders Svensson
        • 2nd gen: Sven Andersson
        • 3rd gen: Anders Svensson
    • The following pattern was often used in naming children:
      • The first son was named after the father's father,
      • The first daughter was named after the mother's mother,
      • The second son was named after the mother's father,
      • The third son was named after the father, and
      • The fourth son was named after the father's eldest brother.
  • $ ArkivDigital is a subscription site, but contains over 50 million Swedish records.
  • Central Soldiers Register is an ongoing effort to digitize the microfilm records of soldiers from 1682-1901
    • It is not indexed by name. You will need to search by time and place.
  • Federation of Genealogical Societies of Sweden
  • Genealogi
  • Kungl.biblioteket - newspaper collection
  • $ MyHeritage
  • National Archives Digital Collection
    • Contains church records (birth, marriage and death).
  • National Library of Sweeden
  • Sweden Household Examination Books, 1860-1930